Cotton Burr Compost (CBC) is arguably the best compost in America. What makes it work so good? IT'S ALIVE!
And loaded with nutrients and diverse populations of micro-organisms. Both are vital to your organic garden.
As the cotton plant grows it absorbs nutrients that end up in the stalks, leaves and seed pods. The pods are also called "burrs" or "bolls".
These end up at the cotton gin where they are discarded as "gin trash". As the cotton and the seed are separated everything else gets blown outside to an enormous pile.
For generations these piles have been an eyesore and a nuisance for gin operators. They were often burned, buried or dumped somewhere else.
It wasn't until some entrepreneur realized that it could be composted, that gin waste was transformed from trash into a commodity.That was the beginning of what we now call cotton burr compost.
Unfortunately there is a lot of false information that gets recycled on the internet from writers who wouldn't know what compost was if they fell into it.
One of the biggest misconceptions that gets perpetuated is that cotton burr compost is somehow laden with chemicals and toxins that will ruin an organic garden. That is just plain untrue.
Anyone in the cotton industry will tell you that it is illegal to spray anything on a cotton field unless it dissipates prior to harvest.
The other point worth mentioning here is that the composting process would break down any chemicals if present into their basic elements and render them inert.
According to the Soil Food Web, Cotton Burr Compost is "unsurpassed in it's ability to break up clay soil".
CBC contains twice the nutrient value as manure composts but without the e-coli concerns. It is capable of holding as much moisture as sphagnum peat products, but unlike peat it re-wets easily.
Sphagnum peat moss is known for it's anti-bacterial properties that destroy micro-organisms. In fact it was used in earlier times as dressing for wounds.
True composted products are free of pathogens and weed seeds because of they are broken down during composting process.
In recent years scientists have also discovered that CBC is a natural fungicide and helps reduce the plant diseases pythium, rhizoctonia and fusarium. This is especially good news for rose growers.
As it reacts with water, CBC releases massive amounts of beneficial microbes and soluble nutrients that also serve as fungicide and disease controllers.
In my region of the country (Memphis, TN) We have clay rather than soil. When new homes are built, the contractor grades the clay and then has a crew come and lay sod grown at a local sod farm.
This is a recipe for short term green and long term failure. Experts agree that a layer of CBC between one quarter to half an inch thick be applied before the sod is installed. This is also the time to fill in low spots and contour surfaces to personal taste.
Established lawns lacking in organic matter can benefit greatly from a top-dressing of CBC. It only takes about two weeks and then lawn begins to explode into green as microorganisms and nutrients are reintroduced to the soil.
You can also add CBC to your organic garden and raised beds to help restore soil fertility and increase organic matter levels. You can even spread it around pre-existing plants to enjoy it's remedial benefits.
I have used CBC on bare clay to start new lawns directly from seed. If you have ever done that you know just how tricky that can be. Rarely do you get consistent growth over the entire area and you end up re-seeding.
CBC has taken all the guess work out of the equation and has produced incredible results for me. This is a great product for professional landscapers who specialize in design and installation.
CBC also helps increase the survivability rate of transplanted flowers, trees, shrubs and grasses. As any businessman will tell you, when you have to return to a site and replace dead flowers and shrubs it eats up the profits fairly quickly.